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赛珍珠演讲稿 刘欣华 译

2017/11/8


赛珍珠演讲稿

 

刘欣华 

 

我们派传教士到中国,中国人能够上天堂的,但我们却不让他们进入我们国家。

堂之下最苦的这样一位妻子发现丈夫的勇敢只是虚张声,他的力量也同样的,他的也只是傻子手中的一支枪。

也许宗教已经死了,如果是这样的话,我们最好了解它,并且让我们自己设法在为时已晚之前发现其他的道德力量源。

中国人是聪明的,没有用许多来理解所谓的不可避免的和逃避不了的,因此结果只能受。

人宁愿挨饿也不愿意吃免费的债券

没有任何东西可以摧毁中国人民。他们不屈不挠的精神下来

富人总是害怕。

如果没有其他的生命,那么这一个已经足够让它成为值得存在的,我自己……一个人。

要理解现在发生的事情,我们必须找到可能在很久以前的因,但确实存在,因此,如果我们要理解现在,为未来做好准备,就必须尽可能详细地了解历史。

他是整体的一部分,一个分散在地球上的人,却永远是这个地球不可分割的人。无论犹太人住在哪里,无论安全与孤立,他仍然属于他的人民。

有一个词可以作为你生的指南,这个词就——互惠。

现在,对于一个人的一生五年算不了什么,除他很年轻很老的时候……

当我的任何一本书能便宜的版时,我总是很高兴,因为我愿意任何想读它们的人都能读到。当然,书籍应该每个人都能阅读到

内向,如果是极端的,至少精神灵魂不成熟的标志。

如果你一定要写一本小说,认为做为不一定能得到的附属品。从写作中得到回报,并设法满足于此。

现在太多人陷入了复杂性。当人们在印度或在我们自己的南部提出民族平等问题时,一种逃避哭泣“啊,但情况并非如此简单。”…除非把复杂的情况简化为一个简单的问题和简单的答案,否则个人和人类永远不会取得巨大的进步。

因为没有一个国家是一个真正的民主国家,妇女在与男人的生活中没有平等的份额,直到我们认识到这一点,我们才能在这个世界上实现真正的民主。

当我们现在定义民主时,它一定仍然是一种希望而没有被看到的东西。

偏见——是一种主观情感,只因内心需要释放而在他人身上表达。这个对象与己毫不相干,只是时机恰当。偏见的人认为自己不幸和不满的受害者。生活不是他想要的,也不是他所希望的那样。

我们再也无法用事实来填充年轻人的大脑了。时间太短,需要的结果也很紧迫。新的教育除了说明原则之外必须以推翻事实为基础。如何使用事实,而不是如何罗列事实,是真正教育的目的。

但讽刺的是,在一个进步时代,我们引以为傲的孩子们的智能护理和教学都在同一时期,做为一种新的和非常可怕的毁灭性武器值得怜悯。

不可逃避的痛苦,是必须学会独自学习的东西。只有忍是不够的。忍耐可能是人生中一个严酷而痛苦的根源,蕴含着有毒和阴郁的果实,毁灭他人的生命。耐力只是开始。必须并且充分接受痛苦带来的知识带来的赋。因为痛苦就是一个熔炉。它可以转化为智慧,即使不能带来成功可以带来快乐

大自然不了解性别的差异,也不仅仅把大脑赋予男人。女儿们应像儿子一样继承财产

当一个人独自登上一架飞行器,门被拴在地上和家里时,即使逃跑也无法逃脱。结果是一种奇怪宁静——也许是绝望,但却是宁静吃龙虾的适当地方——尽可能靠近海边的龙虾棚。那里没有菜单,因为除了煮黄油的龙虾外没有别的东西可吃了。

年轻人迟早会打破旧的规定

在我们这个变化的世界里,没有什么比地理更重要的了。

文艺复兴的每一个时代都来自人民的新自由。即将到来的文艺复兴将比人类历史上任何一次都要伟大,因为这一次,地球上所有的人都将参与其中。

社区必须对每一个孩子承担责任。无论什么情况都不能忽视。社区必须看到每一个孩子都得到了作为一个公民和一个应有的优势和机会。

没有任何东西任何人,可以摧毁中国人民。他们是不屈不挠的幸存者

他们是地球上最古老的文明人。他们的文明经历了几个阶段,但其基本特征仍然相同。他们屈服,他们在大中弯下过腰,但他们从未被倒过

如果领导者太高调,即使有良好的愿望也会很快被破坏掉

因为我们的民主受到帝国主义的破坏,只有通过个人和零星的努力自由才得以实现。

他的身体是这个世界如此一小部分,以至于它的最终静止似乎没有什么重要的。不管怎么说,他只不过是其中的一部分,死亡只不过是一次彻底的失败,最终成为了一种精神

我们把珍珠壳埋在山顶上。

对人的基本发现就是发现了男人和女人之间的关系。

只有爱才能唤醒爱。

当希望从人们手中夺走时,道德堕落随之迅速蔓延。

人人都有食物是必要的。食物不应该是商品,也不能像珠宝一样被有钱人去买和卖。食物是人类的必需品,就像水和空气一样,应该是利用的。

上帝并不是伟大的无边无际。他是隐藏在浩渺的宇宙下微小的一分子。他是全部只是他处于特殊地位。

她总是太聪明而不能告诉他她所有的想法和感受,凭借自己的女性直觉,她清楚没有男人去了解任何一个女人的一切

然而,有时他确实以她所要求的一切善意来爱她,她怎么知道这些日子是什么时候?她独自一人,对他的快乐感到不满,在爱的摆布下,渴望自由,因为这使她的爱于他而依赖他。但她怎么能摆脱枷锁呢?她的灵魂都是暴风雨。她曾经拥有的梦想都消失了。她活在牢笼里。然而,除了自己谁是她的狱友呢

很难不去想那些组成劳动机器的元,是否也创造出一种灵魂,一种有时会反叛的迟钝的怨恨的金属意志

如果人类成为高利贷者,就会迷失自己因为利息猛于虎

如果我们要理解现在,为将来做好准备,就必须尽可能详细地了解历史。命运——不是盲目的迷信和无助的等待它的发生。只有在这个意义上,命运是一个不可改变的原因一个必须遵循一定的结果命运本身没有不可避免的理由,人可以塑造自己的世界,如果他不承认自己的无知

愤怒能给心灵以能量,但只有利用牢牢的控制它。

推翻一个政府是很容易的,但是建立一个新政府是非常困难的——

心永不老,才是我精神的支柱

 


We send missionaries to China so the Chinese can get to heaven, but we won"t let them into our country.

 

The bitterest creature under heaven is the wife who discovers that her husband"s bravery is only bravado, that his strength is only a uniform, that his power is but a gun in the hands of a fool.

It may be that religion is dead, and if it is, we had better know it and set ourselves to try to discover other sources of moral strength before it is too late.

 

Chinese are wise in comprehending without many words what is inevitable and inescapable and therefore only to be borne.

 

Men would rather be starving and free than fed in bonds.

 

Nothing and no one can destroy the Chinese people. They are relentless survivors.

 

The rich are always afraid.

If there is no other life, then this one has been enough to make it worth being born myself...a human being

To understand what happens now one must find the cause, which may be very long ago in its beginning, but is surely there, and therefore a knowledge of history as detailed as possible is essential if we are to comprehend the present and be prepared for the future.

He was part of a whole, a people scattered over the earth and yet eternally one and indivisible. Wherever a Jew lived, in whatever safety and isolation, he still belonged to his people.

there is one word that can be the guide for your life- it is the word reciprocity.

Now, five years is nothing in a man"s life except when he is very young and very old... - Wang Lung

I am always glad when any of my books can be put into an inexpensive edition, because I like to think that any people who might wish to read them can do so. Surely books ought to be within reach of everybody.

Introversion, at least if extreme, is a sign of mental and spiritual immaturity.

Write a novel if you must, but think of money as an unlikely accident. Get your reward out of writing it, and try to be content with that.

Too many escape into complexity these days. For it is an escape for persons to cry, when this question of the equality of peoples is raised in India or in our own South, "Ah, but the situation is not so simple." ... no great stride forward is ever made for the individual or for the human race unless the complex situation is reduced to one simple question and its simple answer

 

For no country is a true democracy whose women have not an equal share in life with men, and until we realize this we shall never achieve a real democracy on this earth.

 

When we define democracy now it must still be as a thing hoped for but not seen.

Prejudice ... is a subjective emotion which expresses itself upon others only because of an inner necessity for release. The object is irrelevant and opportune. The person who feels prejudice is the victim of himself and his own unhappiness and dissatisfaction. Life is not what he wants it to be and it has not been what he wishes it had been.

No longer can we afford to stuff the brains of the young with facts. The time is too short, the necessity for results too pressing. The new education must be based on the elimination of facts except as they illustrate principles. How to use facts, not how to accumulate them, is the purpose of true education.

 

It is ironical that in an age when we have prided ourselves on our progress in the intelligent care and teaching of children we have at the same time put them at the mercy of new and most terrible weapons of destruction.

 

endurance of inescapable sorrow is something which has to be learned alone. And only to endure is not enough. Endurance can be a harsh and bitter root in one"s life, bearing poisonous and gloomy fruit, destroying other lives. Endurance is only the beginning. There must be acceptance and the knowledge that sorrow fully accepted brings its own gifts. For there is an alchemy in sorrow. It can be transmuted into wisdom, which, if it does not bring joy, can yet bring happiness.

nature knows no sex limitations and does not bestow brains upon men alone. Daughters inherit gifts exactly as often and as much as sons.

When one commits one"s self to an airborne craft and the door is fastened against earth and home, there is no escape even by running away. The result is a strange sense of peace - desperate, perhaps, but peace. the proper place to eat lobster ... is in a lobster shack as close to the sea as possible. There is no menu card because there is nothing else to eat except boiled lobster with melted butter.

Sooner or later the young always betrayed the old.

In our changing world nothing changes more than geography.

Every era of renaissance has come out of new freedoms for peoples. The coming renaissance will be greater than any in human history, for this time all the peoples of the earth will share in it.

The community must assume responsibility for each child within its confines. Not one must be neglected whatever his condition. The community must see that every child gets the advantages and opportunities which are due him as a citizen and as a human being

 

Nothing and no one can destroy the Chinese people. They are relentless survivors. They are the oldest civilized people on earth. Their civilization passes through phases but its basic characteristics remain the same. They yield, they bend to the wind, but they never break.

 

The head raised too high even in good will be struck off too soon.

For our democracy has been marred by imperialism, and it has been enlightened only by individual and sporadic efforts at freedom.

The body was so little a part of him that its final stillness seemed nothing of importance. He was half out of it anyway and death was only a slipping out of it altogether and being at last what he always was, a spirit. We buried the pearly shell upon the mountain top.

 

The basic discovery about any people is the discovery of the relationship between its men and its women

Love alone could waken love.

When hope is taken away from a people, moral degeneration follows swiftly thereafter.

 

Chinese are wise in comprehending without many words what is inevitable and inescapable and therefore only to be borne.

 

Men would rather be starving and free than fed in bonds. Nothing and no one can destroy the Chinese people. They are relentless survivors. The rich are always afraid.

 

If there is no other life, then this one has been enough to make it worth being born myself...a human being

To understand what happens now one must find the cause, which may be very long ago in its beginning, but is surely there, and therefore a knowledge of history as detailed as possible is essential if we are to comprehend the present and be prepared for the future.

He was part of a whole, a people scattered over the earth and yet eternally one and indivisible. Wherever a Jew lived, in whatever safety and isolation, he still belonged to his people.

there is one word that can be the guide for your life- it is the word reciprocity.

Now, five years is nothing in a man"s life except when he is very young and very old... - Wang Lung

 

I am always glad when any of my books can be put into an inexpensive edition, because I like to think that any people who might wish to read them can do so. Surely books ought to be within reach of everybody.

 

Introversion, at least if extreme, is a sign of mental and spiritual immaturity.

Write a novel if you must, but think of money as an unlikely accident. Get your reward out of writing it, and try to be content with that.

 

Too many escape into complexity these days. For it is an escape for persons to cry, when this question of the equality of peoples is raised in India or in our own South, "Ah, but the situation is not so simple." ... no great stride forward is ever made for the individual or for the human race unless the complex situation is reduced to one simple question and its simple answer.

For no country is a true democracy whose women have not an equal share in life with men, and until we realize this we shall never achieve a real democracy on this earth.

When we define democracy now it must still be as a thing hoped for but not seen.

Prejudice ... is a subjective emotion which expresses itself upon others only because of an inner necessity for release. The object is irrelevant and opportune. The person who feels prejudice is the victim of himself and his own unhappiness and dissatisfaction. Life is not what he wants it to be and it has not been what he wishes it had been.

No longer can we afford to stuff the brains of the young with facts. The time is too short, the necessity for results too pressing. The new education must be based on the elimination of facts except as they illustrate principles. How to use facts, not how to accumulate them, is the purpose of true education.

It is ironical that in an age when we have prided ourselves on our progress in the intelligent care and teaching of children we have at the same time put them at the mercy of new and most terrible weapons of destruction.

endurance of inescapable sorrow is something which has to be learned alone. And only to endure is not enough. Endurance can be a harsh and bitter root in one"s life, bearing poisonous and gloomy fruit, destroying other lives. Endurance is only the beginning. There must be acceptance and the knowledge that sorrow fully accepted brings its own gifts. For there is an alchemy in sorrow. It can be transmuted into wisdom, which, if it does not bring joy, can yet bring happiness.

nature knows no sex limitations and does not bestow brains upon men alone. Daughters inherit gifts exactly as often and as much as sons.

 

When one commits one"s self to an airborne craft and the door is fastened against earth and home, there is no escape even by running away. The result is a strange sense of peace - desperate, perhaps, but peace.

the proper place to eat lobster ... is in a lobster shack as close to the sea as possible. There is no menu card because there is nothing else to eat except boiled lobster with melted butter.

Sooner or later the young always betrayed the old.

In our changing world nothing changes more than geography.

Every era of renaissance has come out of new freedoms for peoples. The coming renaissance will be greater than any in human history, for this time all the peoples of the earth will share in it.

The community must assume responsibility for each child within its confines. Not one must be neglected whatever his condition. The community must see that every child gets the advantages and opportunities which are due him as a citizen and as a human being.

Nothing and no one can destroy the Chinese people. They are relentless survivors. They are the oldest civilized people on earth. Their civilization passes through phases but its basic characteristics remain the same. They yield, they bend to the wind, but they never break.

The head raised too high even in good will be struck off too soon.

For our democracy has been marred by imperialism, and it has been enlightened only by individual and sporadic efforts at freedom.

The body was so little a part of him that its final stillness seemed nothing of importance. He was half out of it anyway and death was only a slipping out of it altogether and being at last what he always was, a spirit. We buried the pearly shell upon the mountain top.

The basic discovery about any people is the discovery of the relationship between its men and its women.

Love alone could waken love.

When hope is taken away from a people, moral degeneration follows swiftly thereafter

Food for all is a necessity. Food should not be a merchandise, to be bought and sold as jewels are bought and sold by those who have the money to buy. Food is a human necessity, like water and air, it should be available.

 

God is not in the vastness of greatness. He is hid in the vastness of smallness . He is not in the general. He is in the particular

She had always been too wise to tell him all she thought and felt, knowing by some intuition of her own womanhood that no man wants to know everything of any woman

Yet there were times when he did love her with all the kindness she demanded, and how was she to know what were those times? Alone she raged against his cheerfulness and put herself at the mercy of her own love and longed to be free of it because it made her less than he and dependent on him. But how could she be free of chains she had put upon herself? Her soul was all tempest. The dreams she had once had of her life were dead. She was in prison in the house. And yet who was her jailer except herself?

It is difficult not to wonder whether that combination of elements which produces a machine for labor does not create also a soul of sorts, a dull resentful metallic will, which can rebel at times.

Man was lost if he went to a usurer, for the interest ran faster than a tiger upon him.

A knowledge of history as detailed as possible is essential if we are to comprehend the present and be prepared for the future. Fate...is not the blind superstition or helplessness that waits stupidly for what may happen. Fate is unalterable only in the sense that given a cause, a certain result must follow, but no cause is inevitable in itself, and man can shape his world if he does not resign himself to ignorance.

 

Anger can give energy to the mind but only if it is harnessed and held in control.

 

It is easy to overthrow a government but very difficult to build a new one ...

the heart never grows old.

I am mentally bifocal.


1938年赛珍珠获诺贝尔文学时奖演说

 

刘欣华

 

要让我表达出,我对给予我的评价和奖金的感激之情,那是不可能的。就我本人而言,我确信我接受了远远超过我在作品中所能给予的东西,我只能希望,我还要写的许多书,将在某种程度上比我今天晚上所能做出的感谢更有分量。而且确实,我只能够以我认为这个礼物的初衷的精神,来接受--也就是说,与其说这是个为过去的成就所颁的奖,毋宁说是为未来所颁的奖。我认为,不管我未来写什么,当我记起今天这个日子的时候,我都会永远获得收益和力量。

我也为我的祖国--美利坚合众国而受奖。我们是一个仍然年轻的民族,我们知道我们尚未达到我们最充分的力量。这个奖给了一个美国人,也就不仅使一个人获得了力量,而是使整个美国作家群体获得了力量,他们因这种慷慨的褒奖而受到鼓励,精神振奋,而且我还想说,这个奖给了一个妇女,这在我们国家是非同小可的。你们已经褒奖了你们自己的塞尔玛,拉格洛夫,并且长期以来褒奖了在其他领域的妇女,因而也许不能完全理解,此刻站在这儿的是一位妇女,这在许多国家是意味着什么。但我不仅仅是为作家和妇女说话,而是为所有的美国人说话,因为这个奖赏是我们所有的人所分享的。

如果,我也不以我本人的完全非官方的方式谈到中国的人民,我就不是真正的我自己,因为多年以来他们的生活也是我的生活,确实,他们的生活一定永远是我的生活的一部分。我的祖国的精神以及我的抚育之国——中国的精神,在许多方面是相似的,但尤其在我们对自由的共同热爱较相类似,而且今天尤其如此,这一点毫无疑问,因为现在中国的整个存在,正进行着一切斗争中最为伟大的斗争,亦即力争取自由的斗争。我现在对中国的敬仰,胜似以往任何时候,因为我看见她空前团结,与威胁着她的自由的敌人进行着斗争。由于有着这种为自由而奋斗的决心,而这在一种极其深刻的意义上,又是她的天性中的根本性质,因而我知道她是不可征服的。自由——今天它比以往任何时候,都更是最为宝贵的财产。


我们——瑞典和美国——仍然拥有着自由。我的祖国是年轻的——但它却以一种奇特的友情向你致意,你的大地是古老而又自由的。